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Non-Plastic bags that dissolve in sea water

Last updated on March 17, 2018

An Indonesian man has created a biodegradable bag that is non-toxic, serves as fertilizer and dissolves when in sea water. Indonesian biologist Kevin Kumala and his company Avani Eco, have been designing I Am Not Plastic bags since 2014. The bags are made from cassava that are 100 percent biodegradable and on contact with water dissolve, turning into food and drink.


“When I was going to surf or dive, this was no longer a pleasure for me. I found plastic everywhere. I visited in Bali. This became very frustrating for me,” said Kevin Kumala.

The bag is made with cassava starch (tuber) and its maximum lifetime is 100 days. Cassava is a tropical American plant that can reach up to 10 meters in height, with woody stem with reddish brown bark. The root is edible.

The non-plastic producing company, Avani Eco, is a social company in Bali, Indonesia. The government found the idea so innovative that they were awarded Most Valued Business Indonesia which rewards the most responsible initiatives with the environment in that country.

Avani Eco creates a range of eco-friendly products including take-away cups and boxes, wooden eating cutlery, paper straws, shopping bags, apparel poly bags and laundry bags. They cater to a variety of businesses including hotels, creating products from materials such as sugar cane and cornstarch.

According to National Geographic, 91 percent of the world’s plastic is not recycled. A recent article shows a new plastic patch discovered in the Pacific to be larger than the country of Mexico.