Mexico has reached a potential milestone being the first developing nation to promise to reduce its global-warming pollution.
In an effort to tackle climate change, Mexico became the first nation to formally promise to cut its greenhouse pollution by 25 percent.
Environment Minister Juan Jose Guerra Abud said that Mexico expects its Greenhouse gas emissions to peak by 2026 then decline. The country has promised to curb the growth of harmful pollutants by 25 percent from its current trajectory by 2030.
Mexico’s pledge to reduce emissions is based on a climate-change law adopted in 2012 when the government set a goal to generate 35 percent of its electricity from solar, wind and other renewable resources by 2024.
The United Nations is hoping that all 190 countries will submit their formal plans detailing how they will curb greenhouse-gas emissions. The UN says these documents are a key step leading up to the December Paris meeting where negotiators are expected to complete a global climate-change agreement.
The goal was to have the formal plans submitted by the deadline of March 31. Mexico was only one of four nations to make the submission on time after the European Union, Switzerland and Norway.
“It’s obvious that global warming is already a reality,” Guerra said. “It’s without a doubt the principal challenge for humanity in the 21st century.”
Mexico has pledged to two components. It has agreed to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions by 22 percent as well as cut the production of black carbon – particles created by burning fuels such as diesel and wood – in half. Together, these components will reduce the country’s global warming effects from the generation of air pollution by 25 percent.
Rhea Suh, president of the Natural Resources Defense Council, a New York-based advocacy group, says that Mexico’s announcement is an “ambitious and important commitment in the fight against global warming.
“Its pledge to make meaningful cuts in dangerous carbon pollution sends a signal that will help secure a global climate-protection agreement in Paris this year.”